Effective interactions and superconductivity in the t-J model in the large-N limit
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Accepted: 14 July 1998
Published online: 15 December 1998
The feasibility of a perturbation expansion for Green's functions of the model directly in terms of X-operators is demonstrated using the Baym-Kadanoff functional method. As an application we derive explicit expressions for the kernel Θ of the linearized equation for the superconducting order parameter in leading order of a 1/N expansion. The linearized equation is solved numerically on a square lattice taking instantaneous and retarded contributions into account. Classifying the order parameter according to irreducible representations of the point group of the square lattice and according to even or odd parity in frequency we find that a reasonably strong instability occurs only for even frequency pairing with d-wavelike symmetry. The corresponding transition temperature Tc is where t is the nearest-neighbor hopping integral. The underlying effective interaction consists of an attractive, instantaneous term and a retarded term due to charge and spin fluctuations. The latter is weakly attractive at low frequencies below , strongly repulsive up to and attractive towards even higher energies. Tc increases with decreasing doping δ until a d-wavelike bond-order wave instability is encountered near optimal doping at for J=0.3. Tc is essentially linear in J and rather insensitive to an additional second-nearest neighbor hopping integral t'. A rather striking property of Tc is that it is hardly affected by the soft mode associated with the bond-order wave instability or by the Van Hove singularity in the case with second-nearest neighbor hopping. This unique feature reflects the fact that the solution of the gap equation involves momenta far away from the Fermi surface (due to the instantaneous term) and many frequencies (due to the retarded term) so that singular properties in momentum or frequency are averaged out very effectively.
PACS: 74.20.-z – Theories and models of superconducting state / 74.20.Mn – Nonconventional mechanisms (spin fluctuations, polarons and bipolarons, resonating valence bond model, anyon mechanism, marginal Fermi liquid, Luttinger liquid, etc.) / 74.72.-h – High-Tc compounds
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 1998