The Penna model for biological ageing on a lattice: spatial consequences of child-care
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litorânea s/n, Boa
Viagem, Niterói 24210-340, RJ, Brazil
Revised: 27 November 1998
Published online: 15 May 1999
We introduce a square lattice into the Penna bit-string model for biological ageing and study the evolution of the spatial distribution of the population considering different strategies of child-care. Two of the strategies are related to the movements of a whole family on the lattice: in one case the mother cannot move if she has any child younger than a given age, and in the other case if she moves, she brings these young children with her. A stronger condition has also been added to the second case, considering that young children die with a higher probability if their mothers die, this probability decreasing with age. We show that a highly non uniform occupation can be obtained when child-care is considered, even for an uniform initial occupation per site. We also compare the standard survival rate of the model with that obtained when the spacial lattice is considered (without any kind of child-care).
PACS: 87.10.+e – General theory and mathematical aspects / 07.05.Tp – Computer modeling and simulation / 02.70.Lq – Monte-Carlo and statistical methods
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 1999