89Y NMR probe of Zn induced local magnetism in YBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O6+x
Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (URA 2 CNRS) , Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay
2 LLB, CE Saclay, CEA-CNRS, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
3 Laboratoire des Composés Non-Stoechiométriques, Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France
Published online: 18 October 2012
We present detailed data and analysis of the effects of Zn substitution on the planar Cu site in YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO6+x) as evidenced from our 89Y NMR measurements on oriented powders. For we find additional NMR lines which are associated with the Zn substitution. From our data on the intensities and temperature dependence of the shift, width, and spin-lattice relaxation rate of these resonances, we conclude that the spinless Zn 3d10 state induces local moments on the near-neighbour (nn) Cu atoms. Additionally, we conjecture that the local moments actually extend to the farther Cu atoms with the magnetization alternating in sign at subsequent nn sites. We show that this analysis is compatible with ESR data taken on dilute Gd doped (on the Y site) and on neutron scattering data reported recently on Zn substituted YBCO6+x. For optimally doped compounds 89Y nn resonances are not detected, but a large T-dependent contribution to the 89Y NMR linewidth is evidenced and is also attributed to the occurence of a weak induced local moment near the Zn. These results are compatible with macroscopic magnetic measurements performed on YBCO6+x samples prepared specifically in order to minimize the content of impurity phases. We find significant differences between the present results on the underdoped YBCO6+x samples and 27Al NMR data taken on Al3+ substituted on the Cu site in optimally doped La2CuO4. Further experimental work is needed to clarify the detailed evolution of the impurity induced magnetism with hole content in the cuprates.
PACS: 74.72.Bk – Y-based cuprates / 74.25.Ha – Magnetic properties / 76.60.Cq – Chemical and Knight shifts
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2000