Quantitative model of large magnetostrain effect in ferromagnetic shapell memory alloys
Institute of Metal Physics, Dept. of Phase Transitions, Vernadsky St., 36, 252142
2 Helsinki University of Technology, Dept. of Engineering Physics and Mathematics, Rakentajankio 2C, 02150 Espoo, Finland
Published online: 15 March 2000
A quantitative model describing the large magnetostrain effect observed in several ferromagnetic shape memory alloys such as Ni2MnGa is briefly reported.The paper contains an exact thermodynamic consideration of the mechanical and magnetic properties of similar types of materials. As a result, the basic mechanical state equation including magnetic field effect is directly derived from a general Maxwell relation. It is shown that the magnetic field induced deformation effect is directly connected with the strain dependence of magnetization. A simple model of magnetization and its dependence on the strain is considered and applied to explain the results of experimental study of large magnetostrain effects in Ni2MnGa.
PACS: 75.80.+q – Magnetomechanical and magnetoelectric effects, magnetostriction / 75.30.Gw – Magnetic anisotropy
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2000