First and second order ferromagnetic transition at T = 0 in a 1D itinerant system
Institut de Physique Théorique, Université de Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg,
Published online: 15 April 2000
We consider a modified version of the one-dimensional Hubbard model, the t1 - t2 Hubbard chain, which includes an additional next-nearest-neighbor hopping. It has been shown that at weak coupling this model has a Luttinger liquid phase or a spin liquid phase depending upon the ratio of t2 to t1. Additionally if the on-site interaction U is large enough, the ground state is fully polarized. Using exact diagonalization and the density-matrix renormalization group, we show that the transition to the ferromagnetic phase is either of first or second order depending on whether the Luttinger liquid or spin liquid is being destabilized. Since we work at T=0, the second order transition is a quantum magnetic critical point.
PACS: 71.10.Fd – Lattice fermion models (Hubbard model, etc.) / 75.40.Mg – Numerical simulation studies / 05.70.Jk – Critical point phenomena
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2000