The screened polarons
Laboratoire de la Physique de la Matière Condensée, Université de Nice Sophia
Antipolis, Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France
Revised: 2 March 2000
Published online: 15 July 2000
We present a theory of polarons incorporating the screening of the Coulomb interaction, and we apply this theory to the case of anisotropic ionic crystals as the perovskites. We show that the "screened polarons" cannot be treated individually: all the polarons present in the material are coupled via the screening. We also show that, in the frame of this theory of large-scale polarons, the bipolarons are excluded and replaced by pairs of polarons; we propose to associate the pseudogap experimentally observed in perovskites with the binding energy of these pairs. Finally we suggest that the existence of the polarons pairs poses in new terms the problem of a polaronic theory of superconductivity.
PACS: 74.20.Mn – Nonconventional mechanisms (spin fluctuations, polarons and bipolarons, resonating valence bond model, anyon mechanism, marginal Fermi liquid, Luttinger liquid, etc.) / 74.25.Kc – Phonons / 74.72.-h – High-Tc compounds
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2000