The glassy phase of Gallager codes
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique de l'École Normale
Supérieure (UMR 8549 CNRS-École Normale Supérieure) , 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 15 September 2001
Gallager codes are the best error-correcting codes to date. In this paper we study them by using the tools of statistical mechanics. The corresponding statistical mechanics model is a spin model on a sparse random graph. The model can be solved by elementary methods (i.e. without replicas) in a large connectivity limit. For low enough temperatures it presents a completely frozen glassy phase (qEA=1). The same scenario is shown to hold for finite connectivities. In this case we adopt the replica approach and exhibit a one-step replica symmetry breaking order parameter. We argue that our ansatz yields the exact solution of the model. This allows us to determine the whole phase diagram and to understand the performances of Gallager codes.
PACS: 75.10.Hk – Classical spin models / 75.10.Nr – Spin-glass and other random models / 89.70.+c – Information science
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2001