Adaptive random walks on the class of Web graphs
Jožef Stefan Institute,
PO Box 3000, 1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Corresponding author: a Bosiljka.Tadic@ijs.si
Published online: 15 September 2001
We study random walk with adaptive move strategies on a class of directed graphs with variable wiring diagram. The graphs are grown from the evolution rules compatible with the dynamics of the world-wide Web [B. Tadić, Physica A 293, 273 (2001)], and are characterized by a pair of power-law distributions of out- and in-degree for each value of the parameter β, which measures the degree of rewiring in the graph. The walker adapts its move strategy according to locally available information both on out-degree of the visited node and in-degree of target node. A standard random walk, on the other hand, uses the out-degree only. We compute the distribution of connected subgraphs visited by an ensemble of walkers, the average access time and survival probability of the walks. We discuss these properties of the walk dynamics relative to the changes in the global graph structure when the control parameter β is varied. For β≥3, corresponding to the world-wide Web, the access time of the walk to a given level of hierarchy on the graph is much shorter compared to the standard random walk on the same graph. By reducing the amount of rewiring towards rigidity limit β->βc≤0.1, corresponding to the range of naturally occurring biochemical networks, the survival probability of adaptive and standard random walk become increasingly similar. The adaptive random walk can be used as an efficient message-passing algorithm on this class of graphs for large degree of rewiring.
PACS: 05.40.Fb – Random walks and Levy flights / 89.20.Hh – World Wide Web, Internet / 89.75.Da – Systems obeying scaling laws
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2001