Static magneto-polarizability of cylindrical nanostructures
Max-Planck-Institut für Physik Komplexer Systeme, Nöthnitzer Straße 38, 01187 Dresden, Germany
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 8 August 2001
Published online: 15 October 2001
The static polarizability of cylindrical systems is shown to have a strong dependence on a uniform magnetic field applied parallel to the tube axis. This dependence is demonstrated by performing exact numerical diagonalizations of simple cylinders (rolled square lattices), armchair and zig-zag carbon nanotubes (rolled honeycomb lattices) for different electron-fillings. At low temperature, the polarizability as function of the magnetic field has a discontinuous character where plateau-like region are separated by sudden jumps or peaks. A one to one correspondence is pointed out between each discontinuity of the polarizability and the magnetic-field induced cross-over between the ground state and the first excited state. Our results suggest the possibility to use measurements of the static polarizability under magnetic field to get important informations about excited states of cylindrical systems such as carbon nanotubes.
PACS: 77.22.-d – Dielectric properties of solids and liquids / 78.40.Ri – Fullerenes and related materials / 75.20.-g – Diamagnetism, paramagnetism, and superparamagnetism / 73.23.-b – Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2001