Floating Wigner molecules and possible phase transitions in quantum dots
Theoretical Physics II, Institute for Physics, University of Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg, Germany
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 24 April 2002
Published online: 9 July 2002
A floating Wigner crystal differs from the standard one by a spatial averaging over positions of the Wigner-crystal lattice. It has the same internal structure as the fixed crystal, but contrary to it, takes into account rotational and/or translational symmetry of the underlying jellium background. We study properties of a floating Wigner molecule in few-electron spin-polarized quantum dots, and show that the floating solid has the lower energy than the standard Wigner crystal with fixed lattice points. We also argue that internal rotational symmetry of individual dots can be broken in arrays of quantum dots, due to degenerate ground states and inter-dot Coulomb coupling.
PACS: 73.20.Qt – Electron solid / 73.21.La – Quantum dots / 73.22.Gk – Broken symmetry phases
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2002