Structure of quantum disordered wave functions: weak localization, far tails, and mesoscopic transport
Department of Physics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057-0995, USA
2 Department of Physics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 19 November 2002
We report on the comprehensive numerical study of the fluctuation and correlation properties of wave functions in three-dimensional mesoscopic diffusive conductors. Several large sets of nanoscale samples with finite metallic conductance, modeled by an Anderson model with different strengths of diagonal box disorder, have been generated in order to investigate both small and large deviations (as well as the connection between them) of the distribution function of eigenstate amplitudes from the universal prediction of random matrix theory. We find that small, weak localization-type, deviations contain both diffusive contributions (determined by the bulk and boundary conditions dependent terms) and ballistic ones which are generated by electron dynamics below the length scale set by the mean free path . By relating the extracted parameters of the functional form of nonperturbative deviations (“far tails”) to the exactly calculated transport properties of mesoscopic conductors, we compare our findings based on the full solution of the Schrödinger equation to different approximative analytical treatments. We find that statistics in the far tail can be explained by the exp-log-cube asymptotics (convincingly refuting the log-normal alternative), but with parameters whose dependence on is linear and, therefore, expected to be dominated by ballistic effects. It is demonstrated that both small deviations and far tails depend explicitly on the sample size—the remaining puzzle then is the evolution of the far tail parameters with the size of the conductor since short-scale physics is supposedly insensitive to the sample boundaries.
PACS: 73.21.-b – Electron states and collective excitations in multilayers, quantum wells, mesoscopic, and nanoscale systems / 73.20.Fz – Weak or Anderson localization / 73.23.-b – Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems / 05.45.Mt – Quantum chaos; semiclassical methods
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2002