Polymer chain in a quenched random medium: slow dynamics and ergodicity breaking
Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research 10 Ackermannweg, 55128 Mainz, Germany
2 Laboratoire Européen Associé, Institut Charles Sadron 6 rue Boussingault, 67083 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 23 May 2003
The Langevin dynamics of a self-interacting chain embedded in a quenched random medium is investigated by making use of the generating functional method and one-loop (Hartree) approximation. We have shown how this intrinsic disorder causes different dynamical regimes. Namely, within the Rouse characteristic time interval the anomalous diffusion shows up. The corresponding subdiffusional dynamical exponents have been explicitly calculated and thoroughly discussed. For the larger time interval the disorder drives the center of mass of the chain to a trap or frozen state provided that the Harris parameter, , where Δ is a disorder strength, b is a Kuhnian segment length, N is a chain length and ν is the Flory exponent. We have derived the general equation for the non-ergodicity function f(p) which characterizes the amplitude of frozen Rouse modes with an index . The numerical solution of this equation has been implemented and shown that the different Rouse modes freeze up at the same critical disorder strength where the exponent and does not depend from the solvent quality.
PACS: 61.25.Hq – Macromolecular and polymer solutions; polymer melts; swelling / 78.55.Qr – Amorphous materials; glasses and other disordered solids / 66.90.+r – Other topics in nonelectronic transport properties of condensed matter
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2003