A stochastic model of torques in von Karman swirling flow
Groupe Instabilité et Turbulence,
CEA/DSM/DRECAM/SPEC and CNRS URA 2464, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
Revised: 29 January 2004
Published online: 18 June 2004
A stochastic model is derived to predict the turbulent torque produced by a swirling flow. It is a simple Langevin process, with a colored noise. Using the unified colored noise approximation, we derive analytically the PDF of the fluctuations of injected power in two forcing regimes: constant angular velocity or constant applied torque. In the limit of small velocity fluctuations and vanishing inertia, we predict that the injected power fluctuates twice less in the case of constant torque than in the case of constant angular velocity forcing. The model is further tested against experimental data in a von Karman device filled with water. It is shown to allow for a parameter-free prediction of the PDF of power fluctuations in the case where the forcing is made at constant torque. A physical interpretation of our model is finally given, using a quasi-linear model of turbulence.
PACS: 47.27.-i – Turbulent flows, convection, and heat transfer / 47.27.Eq – Turbulence simulation and modeling
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2004