Localized spin modes on the insulating antiferromagnetic stepped surface model
Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie Quantique, Institut de Physique, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Tizi-Ouzou, BP 17 RP, 15000 Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 30 September 2004
We present a numerical method to calculate the spin fluctuation dynamics on a stepped surface. The model discussed here consists of an extended antiferromagnetic surface step at the surface boundary of an insulating antiferromagnetic substrate. The stepped surface is formed by two straight steps dropped randomly and the spins moments of the steps and the substrate are considered as local with no electronic effects. The full magnetic problem arising from the absence of translational symmetry due to the presence of a magnetic surface and steps is considered and studied. The calculations concern in particular the energies of localized spin-wave modes near the surface steps and employ the matching procedure in the random-phase approximation and mean field approximation. Only the nearest-neighbor exchange interactions are considered between the spins in the model. The analytical formalism presented here is adapted from an earlier work on the vibrational spectra of two isolated steps, a structure that can be considered as a low dimensional system and solved for the three dimensional evanescent crystal spin field in the bulk and the surface domains around the steps. This spin field arises from the breakdown of the magnetic translation symmetry of the system. The results are used to calculate the spin mode energies associated with the steps and surface terraces. We show the presence of localized acoustic and optical spin wave modes propagating along the surface and the steps as well as the interface surface-steps, their fields are also described as evanescent in the plane normal to the surface step layers and depend on the nature of the exchange interaction near the steps.
PACS: 75.70.Ak – Magnetic properties of monolayers and thin films / 75.50.Ee – Antiferromagnetics / 75.30.Ds – Spin waves / 76.70.Hb – Optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR)
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2004