Lattice vibrations of armchair carbon nanotubes: phonons, soliton deformations and lattice discreteness effects
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, PO Box 63, Buea, Cameroon
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 2 August 2004
Published online: 14 December 2004
Small and large-amplitude elastic deformations of the armchair structure of single-walled carbon nanotubes are investigated with emphasis on the cylindrical geometry. As starting model, we consider a discrete one-dimensional lattice of atoms interacting via a Lennard-Jones type two-body potential. In an expansion scheme using cylindrical coordinates where radial displacements are assumed negligible compared to the angular motions, a sine-lattice Hamiltonian is derived. In the limit of small-amplitude angular displacements, the dispersion spectrum of acoustic phonons is derived and the associate characteristic frequency is given as a function of parameters of the model. In the large-amplitude regime, lattice vibrations give rise to kink-type deformations which move undergoing lattice dispersion and lattice discreteness effects. The dispersion law of the kink motion is obtained and shown to lower the effect of lattice discreteness, giving rise to a vanishing Peierls stress for kink sizes of the order of a few lattice spacings. Implications of the coupling of two armchair structures on the stability of vibrational modes of an individual armchair nanotube are also discussed. A gap of forbidden modes is predicted in the phonon spectrum while the energy needed to create a kink deformation in individual nanotubes is shifted in the presence of a wall-to-wall interaction.
PACS: 81.07.De – Nanotubes / 62.30.+d – Mechanical and elastic waves-vibrations / 63.22.+m – Phonons in low-dimensional nanoscale materials / 63.20.Ry – Anharmonic lattices modes
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2004