Disturbing synchronization: Propagation of perturbations in networks of coupled oscillators
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y
Técnicas, Centro Atómico Bariloche and Instituto Balseiro, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 11 February 2005
We study the response of an ensemble of synchronized phase oscillators to an external harmonic perturbation applied to one of the oscillators. Our main goal is to relate the propagation of the perturbation signal to the structure of the interaction network underlying the ensemble. The overall response of the system is resonant, exhibiting a maximum when the perturbation frequency coincides with the natural frequency of the phase oscillators. The individual response, on the other hand, can strongly depend on the distance to the place where the perturbation is applied. For small distances on a random network, the system behaves as a linear dissipative medium: the perturbation propagates at constant speed, while its amplitude decreases exponentially with the distance. For larger distances, the response saturates to an almost constant level. These different regimes can be analytically explained in terms of the length distribution of the paths that propagate the perturbation signal. We study the extension of these results to other interaction patterns, and show that essentially the same phenomena are observed in networks of chaotic oscillators.
PACS: 05.45.Xt – Synchronization; coupled oscillators / 05.65.+b – Self-organized systems
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005