Critical phenomena in ferromagnetic superlattices
Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, 2500 boul. de l'université, Sherbrooke J1K2R1, Québec, Canada
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 13 July 2005
Within the framework of the high-temperature series expansions technique, we examine the phase transition and the critical phenomena of a two-component superlattice with simple cubic structure, through three models: Ising, XY and Heisenberg. The reduced critical temperature of the system is studied as a function of the thickness of the constituents and the exchange interactions in each material, and within the interface. We show the existence of a critical thickness of the unit cell at which the reduced critical temperature of the binary superlattice remains insensitive to the exchange coupling within the interfaces. The values of the effective critical exponent associated with the magnetic susceptibility agreed with the universal classes in the limit cases where the superlattice is still comparable to an infinite simple cubic lattice. We attribute the breakdown in the universality hypothesis to the crossover effects.
PACS: 75.70.Cn – Magnetic properties of interfaces / 75.70.-i – Magnetic properties of thin films, surfaces, and interfaces
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005