Melting evolution and diffusion behavior of vanadium nanoparticles
Department of Applied Physics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Published online: 13 July 2005
Molecular dynamics calculations have been performed to study the melting evolution, atomic diffusion and vibrational behavior of bcc metal vanadium nanoparticles with the number of atoms ranging from 537 to 28475 (diameters around 2–9 nm). The interactions between atoms are described using an analytic embedded-atom method. The obtained results reveal that the melting temperatures of nanoparticles are inversely proportional to the reciprocal of the nanoparticle size, and are in good agreement with the predictions of the thermodynamic liquid-drop model. The melting process can be described as occurring in two stages, firstly the stepwise premelting of the surface layer with a thickness of 2–3 times the perfect lattice constant, and then the abrupt overall melting of the whole cluster. The heats of fusion of nanoparticles are also inversely proportional to the reciprocal of the nanoparticle size. The diffusion is mainly localized to the surface layer at low temperatures and increases with the reduction of nanoparticle size, with the temperature being held constant. The radial mean square vibration amplitude (RMSVA) is developed to study the anharmonic effect on surface shells.
PACS: 61.46.+w – Nanoscale materials: clusters, nanoparticles, nanotubes, and nanocrystals / 65.80.+n – Thermal properties of small particles, nanocrystals, nanotubes / 66.30.Pa – Diffusion in nanoscale solids
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005