Extremal optimization for Sherrington-Kirkpatrick spin glasses
Physics Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 3 May 2005
Published online: 7 September 2005
Extremal Optimization (EO), a new local search heuristic, is used to approximate ground states of the mean-field spin glass model introduced by Sherrington and Kirkpatrick. The implementation extends the applicability of EO to systems with highly connected variables. Approximate ground states of sufficient accuracy and with statistical significance are obtained for systems with more than N=1000 variables using bonds. The data reproduces the well-known Parisi solution for the average ground state energy of the model to about 0.01%, providing a high degree of confidence in the heuristic. The results support to less than 1% accuracy rational values of for the finite-size correction exponent, and of for the fluctuation exponent of the ground state energies, neither one of which has been obtained analytically yet. The probability density function for ground state energies is highly skewed and identical within numerical error to the one found for Gaussian bonds. But comparison with infinite-range models of finite connectivity shows that the skewness is connectivity-dependent.
PACS: 75.10.Nr – Spin-glass and other random models / 02.60.Pn – Numerical optimization / 05.50.+q – Lattice theory and statistics (Ising, Potts, etc.)
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005