Buckyball quantum computer: realization of a quantum gate
Department of Physics, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU, UK
Corresponding author: a M.S.Garelli@lboro.ac.uk
Revised: 25 October 2005
Published online: 16 December 2005
We have studied a system composed by two endohedral fullerene molecules. We have found that this system can be used as good candidate for the realization of quantum gates. Each of these molecules encapsules an atom carrying a spin, therefore they interact through the spin dipole interaction. We show that a phase gate can be realized if we apply static and time dependent magnetic fields on each encased spin. We have evaluated the operational time of a π-phase gate, which is of the order of ns. We made a comparison between the theoretical estimation of the gate time and the experimental decoherence time for each spin. The comparison shows that the spin relaxation time is much larger than the π-gate operational time. Therefore, this indicates that, during the decoherence time, it is possible to perform some thousands of quantum computational operations. Moreover, through the study of concurrence, we get very good results for the entanglement degree of the two-qubit system. This finding opens a new avenue for the realization of quantum computers.
PACS: 03.67.-a – Quantum information / 03.67.Lx – Quantum computation / 61.48.+c – Fullerenes and fullerene-related materials
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2005