Geometrical aspects of the Z-invariant Ising model
Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, Leuvenlaan 4, 3584 CE Utrecht, The Netherlands
Corresponding author: a R.A.Costa-Santos@phys.uu.nl
Revised: 21 August 2005
Published online: 22 August 2006
We discuss a geometrical interpretation of the Z-invariant Ising model in terms of isoradial embeddings of planar lattices. The Z-invariant Ising model can be defined on an arbitrary planar lattice if and only if certain paths on the lattice edges do not intersect each other more than once or self-intersect. This topological constraint is equivalent to the existence of isoradial embeddings of the lattice. Such embeddings are characterized by angles which can be related to the model coupling constants in the spirit of Baxter's geometrical solution. The Ising model on isoradial embeddings studied recently by several authors in the context of discrete holomorphy corresponds to the critical point of this particular Z-invariant Ising model.
PACS: 75.10.Hk – Classical spin models
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2006