Linear and nonlinear transport across carbon nanotube quantum dots
Theoretische Physik, Universität Regensburg, 93040 Regensburg, Germany
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 27 February 2007
Published online: 12 April 2007
We present a low energy-theory for non-linear transport in finite-size interacting single-wall carbon nanotubes. It is based on a microscopic model for the interacting pz electrons and successive bosonization. We consider weak coupling to the leads and derive equations of motion for the reduced density matrix. We focus on the case of large-diameter nanotubes where exchange effects can be neglected. In this situation the energy spectrum is highly degenerate. Due to the multiple degeneracy, diagonal as well as off-diagonal (coherences) elements of the density matrix contribute to the nonlinear transport. At low bias, a four-electron periodicity with a characteristic ratio between adjacent peaks is predicted. Our results are in quantitative agreement with recent experiments.
PACS: 73.63.Fg – Nanotubes / 71.10.Pm – Fermions in reduced dimensions (anyons, composite fermions, Luttinger liquid, etc.) / 73.23.Hk – Coulomb blockade; single-electron tunnelling
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2007