Conductance quantization in graphene nanoribbons: adiabatic approximation
Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6525 ED Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Corresponding author: a M.Katsnelson@science.ru.nl
Revised: 14 May 2007
Published online: 15 June 2007
A theory of electron states for graphene nanoribbons with a smoothly varying width is developed. It is demonstrated that the standard adiabatic approximation allowing to neglect the mixing of different standing waves is more restrictive for the massless Dirac fermions in graphene than for the conventional electron gas. For the case of zigzag boundary conditions, one can expect a well-pronounced conductance quantization only for highly excited states. This difference is related to the relativistic Zitterbewegung effect in graphene.
PACS: 73.43.Cd – Theory and modeling / 81.05.Uw – Carbon, diamond, graphite / 03.65.Pm – Relativistic wave equations
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2007