Nonlinear optical rectification in asymmetric double triangular quantum wells
Department of Physics, College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, P.R. China
Revised: 22 September 2008
Published online: 30 October 2008
The nonlinear optical rectification (OR) in the asymmetric double triangular quantum wells (DTQWs) is investigated theoretically. The dependence of OR on the right-well width of the DTQWs is studied, and the influence of the applied electric field on OR is also taken into account. The analytical expression of the OR susceptibility is analyzed by using the compact density-matrix approach and the iterative method and the numerical calculations are presented for the typical GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs asymmetric DTQWs. The results show that the OR susceptibility obtained in this coupled system can reach the magnitude of 10-3 m/V, 2-3 orders of magnitude higher than that in single quantum systems. Moreover, the OR susceptibility is not a monotonic function of the width of the right well, but has complex relationship with it. The calculated results also reveal that an applied electric field has a great influence on the OR susceptibility. Applying an appropriate electric field to a quasi-symmetric or symmetric DTQW can result in a larger OR susceptibility as compared with that obtained in an optimal asymmetric DTQW without electric field.
PACS: 42.65.An – Optical susceptibility, hyperpolarizability / 42.65.Ky – Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation / 78.67.De – Quantum wells
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2008