On the harmonic analysis of non-linear dielectric effects
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 85287-1604, USA
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 26 September 2008
Published online: 14 November 2008
We investigate the nonlinear dielectric effects in a polar viscous liquid, propylene carbonate, by analyzing the voltage and current traces obtained for a sinusoidal electric field at a frequency of 1 kHz and field amplitudes as high as 162 kV/cm. The main source of non-linear behavior results from the energy absorbed from the field and is understood quantitatively. However, there is a qualitative difference in the behavior of the field induced change, Δε′′(E), and the third harmonic amplitude of the current, I3ω. Although both Δε′′(E) and I3ω are considered reliable measures of non-linear behavior, we show here that the third harmonic signal reflects only those non-linear responses that are instantaneous on the time scale of the test frequency.
PACS: 72.20.Ht – High-field and nonlinear effects / 77.22.Gm – Dielectric loss and relaxation
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2008