Adsorption and dissociation of molecular hydrogen on the (0001) surface of double hexagonal close packed americium
Physics Department, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas, 76019, USA
Corresponding author: a email@example.com
Revised: 18 October 2008
Published online: 27 January 2009
Hydrogen molecule adsorption on the (0001) surface of double hexagonal packed americium has been studied in detail within the framework of density functional theory using a full-potential all-electron linearized augmented plane wave plus local orbitals method (FP-L/APW+lo). Weak molecular hydrogen adsorptions were observed. Adsorption energies were optimized with respect to the distance of the adsorbates from the surface for three approach positions at three adsorption sites, namely t1 (one-fold top), b2 (two-fold bridge), and h3 (three-fold hollow) sites. Adsorption energies were computed at the scalar-relativistic level (no spin-orbit coupling NSOC) and at the fully relativistic level (with spin-orbit coupling SOC). The most stable configuration corresponds to a horizontal adsorption with the molecular approach being perpendicular to a lattice vector. The surface coverage is equivalent to one-fourth of a monolayer (ML), with the adsorption energies at the NSOC and SOC theoretical levels being 0.0997 eV and 0.1022 eV, respectively. The respective distance of the hydrogen molecule from the surface and hydrogen-hydrogen distance was found to be 2.645 Å and 0.789 Å, respectively. The work functions decreased and the net magnetic moments remained almost unchanged in all cases compared with the corresponding quantities of bare dhcp Am (0001) surface. The adsorbate-substrate interactions have been analyzed in detail using the partial charges inside the muffin-tin spheres, difference charge density distributions, and the local density of states. The effects of adsorption on the Am 5f electron localization-delocalization characteristics have been discussed. Reaction barrier for the dissociation of hydrogen molecule has been presented.
PACS: 71.20.-b – Electron density of states and band structure of crystalline solids / 68.35.-p – Solid surfaces and solid-solid interfaces: structure and energetics / 71.27.+a – Strongly correlated electron systems; heavy fermions / 68.43.-h – Chemisorption/physisorption: adsorbates on surfaces
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2009