Microscopic Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer formulation of the critical temperature of multilayer copper-oxide superconductors
Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser (IESL), Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), P.O. Box 1527, Iraklio, 71110 Crete, Greece
Revised: 8 December 2009
Published online: 27 January 2010
We study superconductivity in multilayer copper oxides, in the frame of a realistic microscopic formulation. Solving the full temperature dependent BCS gap equations, we obtain a maximum in the transition temperature Tc for M = 3 or 4 CuO2 layers in the unit cell for appropriate values of the interlayer tunneling (negative pair tunneling), and via the consideration of the doping imbalance between the inner and outer layers. This is the ubiquitous experimental result for Ca intercalated copper oxides, as opposed to other intercalating elements. Further, using a restricted set of parameters, we obtain an exact fit of Tc(M = 1–4) for five different Ca intercalated homologuous copper oxide families.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010