Effects of interchain coupling on photoexcitation in two coupled polymer chains in the presence of an electric field
College of Physics, Hebei Normal University, 050016, Shijiazhuang, P.R. China
2 Hebei Advanced Thin Films Laboratory, 050016, Shijiazhuang, P.R. China
Revised: 9 February 2010
Published online: 18 March 2010
Within an extended Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model including interchain interactions and the extended Hubbard model (EHM), the dynamical relaxation of photoexcitations in the presence of an external electric field is investigated using a nonadiabatic evolution method. Under the action of the interchain interactions both intrachain excitons and interchain excitons are generated after photoexcitation in two coupled polymer chains. Our results show that the field required to dissociate the excitons depends sensitively on the strength of the interchain coupling. As the interchain coupling strength increases, the dissociation field decreases. By analyzing the relation between the yield of intrachain and interchain excitons and the interchain coupling strength, we explain the dependence between the dissociation field and the strength of the interchain interactions. The theoretical results are expected to provide useful predictions concerning which polymers with properly strong interchain interactions are likely to be most suitable for use in organic solar cells.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010