Geometric entanglement in valance-bond-solid state
School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Anyang Normal University, 455000, Anyang, P.R. China
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Revised: 6 March 2010
Published online: 16 April 2010
Multipartite entanglement, measured by the geometric entanglement (GE), is discussed for integer spin Valance-Bond-Solid (VBS) state respectively with periodic boundary condition (PBC) and open boundary condition (OBC) in this paper. The optimization in the definition of geometric entanglement can be reduced greatly by exploring the symmetry of VBS state, and then the fully separable state can be determined explicitly. Numerical evaluation for GE by the random simulation is also implemented in order to demonstrate the validity of the reductions. Our calculations show that GE is saturated by a finite value with the increment of particle number, that means that the total entanglement for VBS state would be divergent under the thermodynamic limit. Moreover it is found that the scaling behavior of GE with spin number s is fitted as α log(s + β/s + γ)+δ, in which the values of the parameters α, β, γ, σ are only dependent on the parity of spin s. A comparison with entanglement entropy of VBS state is also made, in order to demonstrate the essential differences between multipartite and bipartite entanglement in this model.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010