Ferroelectric-ferromagnetic correlations in BiMnO3 perovskite within Landau theory: comparison with experiment
Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
2 Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
Published online: 6 December 2010
Here we present a simple model formulated in the spirit of Landau theory in order to qualitatively describe magnetoelectric multiferroics. The system consists of two coupled single-component order parameters P and M which represent ferroelectric and ferromagnetic phases, respectively. We show that the magnetoelectric coupling strongly renormalizes the original magnetic transition temperature, TM TRM (with TRM ≫ TM), as well as generates an additional anomaly in ferroelectric subsystem at TRM. Under the influence of both magnetic and electric fields the concept of Arrot plot is reproduced by the Arrot planes. We compare obtained results with available experimental data for the BiMnO3 which undergoes ferroelectric transition below 700 K (Tf) and ferromagnetic transition at 100 K (TRM). The results are in good overall agreement with experimental data for the ferroelectromagnetic BiMnO3. We also estimate the contribution of Gaussian fluctuations of both order parameters, that lead to corrections to the mean-field specific heat. Those corrections are still insufficient even though other quantities agree quite well with experiment. We calculate the temperature dependence of the coherence length for both types of order as well.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2010