A frustrated quantum spin-s model on the Union Jack lattice with spins s > 1/2
School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Schuster Building, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 31 January 2011
Published online: 8 April 2011
The zero-temperature phase diagrams of a two-dimensional (2D) frustrated quantum antiferromagnetic system, namely the Union Jack model, are studied using the coupled cluster method (CCM) for the two cases when the lattice spins have spin quantum number s = 1 and s = . The system is defined on a square lattice and the spins interact via isotropic Heisenberg interactions such that all nearest-neighbour (NN) exchange bonds are present with identical strength J1 > 0, and only half of the next-nearest-neighbour (NNN) exchange bonds are present with identical strength J2 ≡ κ J1 > 0. The bonds are arranged such that on the 2×2 unit cell they form the pattern of the Union Jack flag. Clearly, the NN bonds by themselves (viz., with J2 = 0) produce an antiferromagnetic Néel-ordered phase, but as the relative strength κ of the frustrating NNN bonds is increased a phase transition occurs in the classical case (s → ∞) at κccl = 0.5 to a canted ferrimagnetic phase. In the quantum cases considered here we also find strong evidence for a corresponding phase transition between a Néel-ordered phase and a quantum canted ferrimagnetic phase at a critical coupling κc1 = 0.580 ± 0.015 for s = 1 and κc1 = 0.545 ± 0.015 for s = . In both cases the ground-state energy E and its first derivative dE/dκ seem continuous, thus providing a typical scenario of a second-order phase transition at κ = κc1. However, the order parameter for the transition (viz., the average ground-state on-site magnetization) does not go to zero there on either side of the transition. Thus, the phase transition at κ = κc1 between the Néel antiferromagnetic phase and the canted ferrimagnetic phase for both the s = 1 and s = Union Jack models is similar in nature to that found previously for the s = Union Jack model. It is thus also completely comparable to the transition in the s = XXZ model on the 2D square lattice between two Néel antiferromagnetic phases, one aligned along the z-axis and the other along some perpendicular direction in the xy-plane.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2011