Edge states and distributions of edge currents in semi-infinite graphene
School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P.R. China
Corresponding author: a firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 29 March 2011
Published online: 9 June 2011
The distributions of edge currents in semi-infinite graphene under a uniform perpendicular magnetic field are investigated. We show unambiguously that the edge current is finite at the armchair edge but vanishes at the zigzag edge. It is shown that the current density oscillates with the distance away from the boundary and tends to zero deep inside the graphene. The study shows that the total current is independent of edge configurations. The interplay of the bulk and edge contributions to the total current is presented. The quantized plateaus of Hall conductivity at (4e2/h)(n+1/2) provide a direct evidence of the connection between the edge states and topological properties of relativistic fermions in a magnetic field.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2011