Statistical model for the effects of phase and momentum randomization on electron transport
1 Department of Physics and CeNIDE, University of Duisburg-Essen, 47048 Duisburg, Germany
2 Department of Theoretical Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 1521 Budapest, Hungary
Received: 27 April 2012
Published online: 30 July 2012
A simple statistical model for the effects of dephasing on electron transport in one-dimensional quantum systems is introduced, which allows to adjust the degree of phase and momentum randomization independently. Hence, the model is able to describe the transport in an intermediate regime between classical and quantum transport. The model is based on Büttiker’s approach using fictitious reservoirs for the dephasing effects. However, in contrast to other models, at the fictitious reservoirs complete phase randomization is assumed, which effectively divides the system into smaller coherent subsystems, and an ensemble average over randomly distributed dephasing reservoirs is calculated. This approach reduces not only the computation time but allows also to gain new insight into system properties. In this way, after deriving an efficient formula for the disorder-averaged resistance of a tight-binding chain, it is shown that the dephasing-driven transition from localized-exponential to ohmic-linear behavior is not affected by the degree of momentum randomizing dephasing.
Key words: Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2012