Nonmonotonic size dependence of the critical concentration in 2D percolation of straight rigid rods under equilibrium conditions
Departamento de Física, Instituto de Física Aplicada, Universidad
Nacional de San Luis-CONICET, Chacabuco 917, 5700 BWS San
Received in final form: 3 July 2012
Published online: 5 September 2012
Numerical simulations and finite-size scaling analysis have been carried out to study the percolation behavior of straight rigid rods of length k (k-mers) on two-dimensional square lattices. The k-mers, containing k identical units (each one occupying a lattice site), were adsorbed at equilibrium on the lattice. The process was monitored by following the probability RL,k(θ) that a lattice composed of L × L sites percolates at a concentration θ of sites occupied by particles of size k. A nonmonotonic size dependence was observed for the percolation threshold, which decreases for small particles sizes, goes through a minimum, and finally asymptotically converges towards a definite value for large segments. This striking behavior has been interpreted as a consequence of the isotropic-nematic phase transition occurring in the system for large values of k. Finally, the universality class of the model was found to be the same as for the random percolation model.
Key words: Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2012