Transport of acetylene adsorbed in CuBTC metal organic framework
Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research centre, 400085
Received: 25 October 2012
Received in final form: 29 January 2013
Published online: 10 April 2013
Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are an important class of material which has a potential to be used for variety of applications such as in storage materials, pollution control, etc. Here we report a molecular dynamics simulation study investigating dynamical behaviour of the smallest and linear hydrocarbon, acetylene, adsorbed in CuBTC MOF. CuBTC has complex network structure consisting of large pores and tetrahedral pockets connected by windows. Calculated mean squared displacements of the acetylene molecules adsorbed in CuBTC showed anomalous behaviour with change in concentration. This has been understood by studying the evolution of the trajectories and free energy map. There are two pathways for an acetylene molecule to diffuse inside CuBTC. One is through tetrahedral pockets and other is through large pores. It is found that tetrahedral pockets are potential minima sites and most of the molecules reside there at low concentration. Free energy map also showed that there exists a higher energy barrier if diffusion occurs through tetrahedral pockets rather than large pores. Relative population of acetylene molecules in large pores is found to increase with the concentration and since energy barrier is less while diffusing through large pores, it leads to increase in the average diffusivity at higher concentration. It is found that relative population of acetylene molecules diffusing through different pathways and collision between the molecules decide the average diffusivity of the molecules inside CuBTC. Analysis of intermediate scattering function indicated that there exist three time scales associated with the centre of mass diffusion of the acetylene molecules in CuBTC framework.
Key words: Solid State and Materials
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag, 2013