Entanglement switching via the Kondo effect in triple quantum dots
1 Institute of Molecular Physics,
Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. M.
Smoluchowskiego 17, 60-179
2 Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana and Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Received in final form: 14 April 2014
Published online: 25 June 2014
We consider a triple quantum dot system in a triangular geometry with one of the dots connected to metallic leads. Using Wilson’s numerical renormalization group method, we investigate quantum entanglement and its relation to the thermodynamic and transport properties in the regime where each of the dots is singly occupied on average, but with non-negligible charge fluctuations. It is shown that even in the regime of significant charge fluctuations the formation of the Kondo singlets induces switching between separable and perfectly entangled states. The quantum phase transition between unentangled and entangled states is analyzed quantitatively and the corresponding phase diagram is explained by exactly solvable spin model. In the framework of an effective model we also explain smearing of the entanglement transition for cases when the symmetry of the triple quantum dot system is relaxed.
Key words: Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems
© The Author(s) 2014. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com