A continuum framework for mechanics of fractal materials I: from fractional space to continuum with fractal metric
Grupo “Mecánica Fractal”, ESIME-Zacatenco, Instituto Politécnico
Nacional, México D.F.
Received: 12 October 2014
Received in final form: 18 December 2014
Published online: 8 April 2015
This paper is devoted to the mechanics of fractally heterogeneous media. A model of fractal continuum with a fractional number of spatial degrees of freedom and a fractal metric is suggested. The Jacobian matrix of the fractal continuum deformation is defined and the kinematics of deformations is elucidated. The symmetry of the Cauchy stress tensor for continua with the fractal metric is established. A homogenization framework accounting for the connectivity, topological, and metric properties of fractal domains in heterogeneous materials is developed. The mapping of mechanical problems for fractal media into the corresponding problems for the fractal continuum is discussed. Stress and strain distributions in elastic fractal bars are analyzed. An approach to fractal bar optimization is proposed. Some features of acoustic wave propagation and localization in fractal media are briefly highlighted.
Key words: Solid State and Materials
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2015