Floquet analysis of pulsed Dirac systems: a way to simulate rippled graphene
Department of Physics, Birla Institute of Technology and
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Received in final form: 18 July 2015
Published online: 16 September 2015
The low energy continuum limit of graphene is effectively known to be modeled using the Dirac equation in (2 + 1) dimensions. We consider the possibility of using a modulated high frequency periodic driving of a two-dimensional system (optical lattice) to simulate properties of rippled graphene. We suggest that the Dirac Hamiltonian in a curved background space can also be effectively simulated by a suitable driving scheme in an optical lattice. The time dependent system yields, in the approximate limit of high frequency pulsing, an effective time independent Hamiltonian that governs the time evolution, except for an initial and a final kick. We use a specific form of 4-phase pulsed forcing with suitably tuned choice of modulating operators to mimic the effects of curvature. The extent of curvature is found to be directly related to ω-1 the time period of the driving field at the leading order. We apply the method to engineer the effects of curved background space. We find that the imprint of curvilinear geometry modifies the electronic properties, such as LDOS, significantly. We suggest that this method shall be useful in studying the response of various properties of such systems to non-trivial geometry without requiring any actual physical deformations.
Key words: Solid State and Materials
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2015