A model for Rayleigh-Bénard magnetoconvection
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of
Received: 16 July 2015
Received in final form: 8 August 2015
Published online: 5 October 2015
A model for three-dimensional Rayleigh-Bénard convection in low-Prandtl-number fluids near onset with rigid horizontal boundaries in the presence of a uniform vertical magnetic field is constructed and analyzed in detail. The kinetic energy K, the convective entropy Φ and the convective heat flux (Nu − 1) show scaling behaviour with ϵ = r − 1 near onset of convection, where r is the reduced Rayleigh number. The model is also used to investigate various magneto-convective structures close to the onset. Straight rolls, which appear at the primary instability, become unstable with increase in r and bifurcate to three-dimensional structures. The straight rolls become periodically varying wavy rolls or quasiperiodically varying structures in time with increase in r depending on the values of Prandtl number Pr. They become irregular in time, with increase in r. These standing wave solutions bifurcate first to periodic and then to quasiperiodic traveling wave solutions, as r is raised further. The variations of the critical Rayleigh number Raos and the frequency ωos at the onset of the secondary instability with Pr are also studied for different values of Chandrasekhar’s number Q.
Key words: Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2015