Self-similarity and non-Markovian behavior in traded stock volumes
Departement of Mathematics, East Carolina
2 Departement of Physics, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
3 M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, ul. Łojasiewicza 11, 30-348 Kraków, Poland
Received in final form: 13 September 2015
Published online: 18 November 2015
The volume traded daily for 17 stocks is followed over a period of about half a century. We look at the volume of stocks traded in a certain time interval (day, week, month) and analyze how long that traded volume keeps monotonically increasing or decreasing. On all three times scales we find that the sequence of traded volumes behaves neither like a sequence of independent and identically distributed variables, nor like a Markov sequence. A compressed exponential survival function with the same parameters at all timescales is firmly established. A day with an increase (decrease) of traded volume is most likely followed by a day with a decrease (increase) of traded volume. We show how the apparent self-similarity results because the small day-to-day anticorrelation carries over when larger time intervals are considered. The observed small anticorrelation can be explained as a consequence of market forces and trader reactions.
Key words: Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
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