Continuum of many-particle states near the metal-insulator transition in the Hubbard model
Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, W. Ostwaldi Str 1, 50411 Tartu, Estonia
Received: 7 February 2017
Received in final form: 5 May 2017
Published online: 21 June 2017
The strong coupling diagram technique is used for investigating states near the metal-insulator transition in the half-filled two-dimensional repulsive Hubbard model. The nonlocal third-order term is included in the irreducible part along with local terms of lower orders. Derived equations for the electron Green’s function are solved by iteration for moderate Hubbard repulsions and temperatures. Starting iteration from Green’s functions of the Hubbard-I approximation with various distances of poles from the real frequency axis continua of different metallic and insulating solutions are obtained. The insulating solutions vary in the width of the Mott gap, while the metallic solutions differ in the shape of the spectral function in the vicinity of the Fermi level. Besides, different scenarios of the metal-insulator transition – with a sudden onset of a band of mobile states near the Fermi level and with gradual closure of the Mott gap – are observed with a change in temperature. In spite of these dissimilarities, all solutions have a common curve separating metallic and insulating states in the phase diagram. Near this curve metallic and insulating solutions coexist. For moderate Hubbard repulsions metallic solutions are not Fermi liquids.
Key words: Solid State and Materials
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2017