Interband coherence induced correction to Thouless pumping: possible observation in cold-atom systems
Department of Physics, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117546, Singapore
Received: 3 April 2017
Received in final form: 17 May 2017
Published online: 2 August 2017
In Thouless pump, the charge transport in a one-dimensional insulator over an adiabatic cycle is topologically quantized. For nonequilibrium initial states, however, interband coherence will induce a previously unknown contribution to Thouless pumping. Though not geometric in nature, this contribution is independent of the time scale of the pumping protocol. In this work, we perform a detailed analysis of our previous finding [H.L. Wang et al., Phys. Rev. B 91, 085420 (2015)] in an already available cold-atom setup. We show that initial states with interband coherence can be obtained via a quench of the system’s Hamiltonian. Adiabatic pumping in the post-quench system are then examined both theoretically and numerically, in which the interband coherence is shown to play an important role and can hence be observed experimentally. By choosing adiabatic protocols with different switching-on rates, we also show that the contribution of interband coherence to adiabatic pumping can be tuned. It is further proposed that the interband coherence induced correction to Thouless pumping may be useful in capturing a topological phase transition point. All our results have direct experimental interests.
Key words: Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2017