The thermal behaviors and phase diagrams of the Ising-type endohedral fullerene with magnetic core and diluted magnetic shell (Core@Shell20)
Sorgun Vocational School, Bozok University, Yozgat 66700, Turkey
Received: 16 April 2017
Received in final form: 20 June 2017
Published online: 9 August 2017
We have carried out theoretical studies on Ising-type endohedral fullerene (EF) structure with a dopant magnetic atom encaged within the diluted magnetic spherical cage to examine the evolution in magnetic behaviors. We show how the thermal behaviors and phase diagrams of Ising-type EF are affected by diluted surface, crystal field and exchange couplings. We have used to investigate theoretically the effect of Hamiltonian parameters the effective field calculations within Ising model framework. The model Hamiltonian includes nearest neighbor ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic center-surface (C-S) interaction as well as ferromagnetic surface interaction. We have shown that the system exhibits the first and second order phase transitions as well as tricritical point. In particular, the conditions for the occurrence of these reentrant and double reentrant behaviors are given explicitly.
Key words: Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2017