Quasi-superradiant soliton state of matter in quantum metamaterials☆
Nanoelectronics Research Institute (NeRI), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST),
2 Department of Physics, Loughborough University, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
3 Theoretical Physics and Quantum Technologies Department, Moscow Institute for Steel and Alloys, 119049 Moscow, Russia
a e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 7 February 2018
Strong interaction of a system of quantum emitters (e.g., two-level atoms) with electromagnetic field induces specific correlations in the system accompanied by a drastic increase of emitted radiation (superradiation or superfluorescence). Despite the fact that since its prediction this phenomenon was subject to a vigorous experimental and theoretical research, there remain open question, in particular, concerning the possibility of a first order phase transition to the superradiant state from the vacuum state. In systems of natural and charge-based artificial atom this transition is prohibited by “no-go” theorems. Here we demonstrate numerically and confirm analytically a similar transition in a one-dimensional quantum metamaterial – a chain of artificial atoms (qubits) strongly interacting with classical electromagnetic fields in a transmission line. The system switches from vacuum state to the quasi-superradiant (QS) phase with one or several magnetic solitons and finite average occupation of qubit excited states along the transmission line. A quantum metamaterial in the QS phase circumvents the “no-go” restrictions by considerably decreasing its total energy relative to the vacuum state by exciting nonlinear electromagnetic solitons.
Key words: Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems
Supplementary material in the form of one pdf file from the Journal web page at https://doi.org/10.1140/epjb/e2017-80567-7.
© EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2018