The competition and coexistence of antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity: probing coupled thermal fluctuations in a two dimensional minimal model★
Harish-Chandra Research Institute,
Chhatnag Road, HBNI, Jhunsi,
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Published online: 17 September 2018
We consider the coexistence of antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity, motivated by what one observes in the quasi-two dimensional organic salts. We study an electronic model that approximates some features of the Hubbard model, e.g., a repulsion that promotes local moments and Neel order, and an attractive intersite density–density coupling that promotes d-wave superconductivity. Staying at half-filling and a fixed attractive interaction we probe the effect of varying repulsion, using mean field theory for the ground state but retaining the full O(3) × U(1) spectrum of classical fluctuations at finite temperature. The ground state is superconducting at weak repulsion, a Neel ordered insulator at large repulsion, and a coexistence of the two orders in the intermediate regime. We observe four distinct kinds of thermal behaviour depending on the strength of repulsion. Starting with weak repulsion these are, first, a d-wave superconductor renormalised by magnetic fluctuations, second, a d-wave state transiting to an antiferromagnetic insulator and then to the normal state, third, a coexistent state transiting to the antiferromagnetic insulator and then the normal state, and, fourth, a Neel ordered insulator with weak pairing fluctuations. The low temperature state is either “nodal” or gapped, due to long range order, and the low energy spectral weight generally increases monotonically with temperature. At intermediate repulsion, however, the transition from the d-wave state to Neel antiferromagnet causes a loss of low energy weight which is gradually regained only at high temperature.
© EDP Sciences / Società Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018