Regular Article - Mesoscopic and Nanoscale Systems
External electric and magnetic field effects on the polaron in a wurtzite nitride nanowire embedded in a nonpolar matrix
Department of Solid State Physics, Yerevan State University, 1, A.Manoogian, 0025, Yerevan, Armenia
Accepted: 24 February 2021
Published online: 24 March 2021
We examine the Fröhlich polaron problem in wurtzite nitride cylindrical nanowire embedded in a nonpolar matrix within the framework of the Lee–Low–Pines variational approach. The effects of the external electric and magnetic fields and quantum-size confinement on polaron self-energy and effective mass due to electron interactions with both quasiconfined and interface optical phonons are investigated. The numerical results obtained for wurtzite GaN material are discussed in comparison with the zinc-blende structure cylindrical nanowires. The estimation of contributions of different phonon modes reveal that interface optical phonons are much more important in narrow wires. It is found that the electric field has a relatively pronounced influence on the polaron self-energy and effective mass, while the effect of the magnetic field is small. The obtained results will be of importance in further study of the phonon-assisted electro-optical properties in wurtzite semiconductor low-dimensional structures.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021