Regular Article - Solid State and Materials
Supersymmetric spin–phonon coupling prevents odd integer spins from quantum tunneling
Fakultät für Physik, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501, Bielefeld, Germany
2 Fachbereich Physik, Universität Osnabrück, 49069, Osnabrück, Germany
Accepted: 27 February 2021
Published online: 23 March 2021
Quantum tunneling of the magnetization is a phenomenon that impedes the use of small anisotropic spin systems for storage purposes even at the lowest temperatures. Phonons, usually considered for temperature dependent relaxation of magnetization over the anisotropy barrier, also contribute to magnetization tunneling for integer spin quantum numbers. Here we demonstrate that certain spin–phonon Hamiltonians are unexpectedly robust against the opening of a tunneling gap, even for strong spin–phonon coupling. The key to understanding this phenomenon is provided by an underlying supersymmetry that involves both spin and phonon degrees of freedom.
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.