Regular Article - Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
Competitive metastable behaviours of surface and bulk in Ising ferromagnet
Department of Physics, Presidency University, 86/1 College Street, 700073, Kolkata, India
Accepted: 5 July 2021
Published online: 12 July 2021
The reversal of magnetisation has been studied in a three-dimensional Ising ferromagnet by Monte Carlo simulation with Metropolis single spin flip algorithm using random updating scheme. The outer layers are considered as surface. The surface interacts with core with a relative ferromagnetic interaction strength. Depending on the relative interaction strength, the time of reversal of the surface was found to be different from that of the bulk. For weaker relative strength, surface reversal was found to be faster than that of bulk and vice versa for stronger relative interaction strength. A critical value () of relative interaction strength provides same time of reversal of surface and bulk. This critical relative interaction strength was found to be a function of the temperature (T) and applied magnetic field (h). The scaling relation , where and , has been proposed, numerically by the method of data collapse. The metastable volume fractions, for both surface and bulk, were found to follow the Avrami’s law. The critical relative interaction strength () has been observed to decrease in an exponential ( fashion with the system size (L).
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, SIF and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021