Regular Article - Solid State and Materials
Impact of electron correlation on the light-induced demagnetization of elemental ferromagnetic metals
Institut für Physik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, 06099, Halle, Germany
2 Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter and Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22761, Hamburg, Germany
Accepted: 7 October 2022
Published online: 26 October 2022
The local spin-density approximation (LSDA) is known to describe poorly the electronic structure of 3d transition metals, yet most density-functional-based ab-initio studies of ultra-fast demagnetization rely on it. One way to account for Coulomb correlations among the localized d electrons and go beyond LSDA is to include the effective correlation energy (or Hubbard) U. By doing so, we show here that electronic correlations lead to sizable changes of the laser-induced demagnetization of iron, cobalt, and nickel. We study how the various laser parameters, such as pulse duration or intensity, change the magnetization dynamics. It turns out that the total laser fluence is not suitable to quantify how much a laser pulse demagnetizes a material, as changes in pulse duration and shape influence significantly the outcome. The findings are traced back to the electronic structure of the material, and explained based on phase space for optical transitions.
© The Author(s) 2022
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.