Regular Article – Solid State and Materials
Cooper approach to pair formation in a tight-binding model of La-based cuprate superconductors
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, 31062, Toulouse, France
Accepted: 2 November 2022
Published online: 11 November 2022
We study numerically, in the framework of the Cooper approach from 1956, mechanisms of pair formation in a model of La-based cuprate superconductors with longer-ranged hopping parameters reported in the literature at different values of center of mass momentum. An efficient numerical method allows to study lattices with more than a million sites. We consider the cases of attractive Hubbard and d-wave type interactions and a repulsive Coulomb interaction. The approach based on a frozen Fermi sea leads to a complex structure of accessible relative momentum states which is very sensitive to the total pair momentum of static or mobile pairs. It is found that interactions with attraction of approximately half of an electronvolt give a satisfactory agreement with experimentally reported results for the critical superconducting temperature and its dependence on hole doping. Ground states exhibit d-wave symmetries for both attractive Hubbard and d-wave interactions which is essentially due to the particular Fermi surface structure and not entirely to an eventual d-wave symmetry of the interaction. We also find pair states created by Coulomb repulsion at excited energies above the Fermi energy and determine the different mechanisms of their formation. In particular, we identify such pairs in a region of negative mass at rather modest excitation energies which is due to a particular band structure.
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